QCDs: A Charitably-Minded, Tax-Efficient Strategy

By Kevin T. Smith, CFP®, CTFA, CDFA™

In the Financial Services field we love to use acronyms. RMD (Required Minimum Distribution), YTM (Yield to Maturity), and AGI (Adjusted Gross Income) are common ones that you may have heard. However, if you are older than age 70 ½, have a Traditional IRA, and make charitable gifts annually, a QCD (Qualified Charitable Distribution) is a good acronym to know.


QCDs – A Brief Background
Individuals with monies in a Traditional IRA, who are older than 70 ½, draw their Required Minimum Distribution each year. These distributions are treated as taxable income and included in your AGI. However, since 2006, individuals have had the ability to direct these required distributions (up to $100,000) to a qualified charity of their choice and exclude the amount from their taxable income each year. This strategy is referred to as a Qualified Charitable Distribution.

However, even though you are making a charitable gift, you may not include this amount in your itemized deductions. In other words, you cannot “double dip.”

Why the Popularity Now?
With Congress passing the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in late 2017, it doubled the standard deduction for individuals and joint filers ($12,000 in 2018 for individuals and $24,000 for married filing jointly). This significantly reduces the number of individuals who will be itemizing their deductions. For those taxpayers who were itemizing their charitable gifts and are now taking the standard deduction, the tax benefit of the charitable gift is lost.

This has created more popularity for the QCD from IRAs and may provide the following benefits:

  1. Satisfy some, or all, of your Required Minimum Distribution
  2. Reduce your taxable income which can potentially:
    • Reduce the amount of tax on your Social Security benefits
    • Reduce the costs of Medicare Part B and Part D premiums
    • Help you avoid exposure to the 3.8% net investment income tax
    • Allow you to qualify for certain tax credits that have income caps

Please note these additional QCD strategy items:

  1. The charity must be a qualified charity per IRS standards (it cannot be a private foundation or donor advised fund)
  2. The distribution must be made directly from your IRA trustee to the charity (check payable to the charity)
  3. The QCD can be accomplished with Inherited IRAs where the beneficiary receiving the distribution is older than 70 ½

If you have already satisfied your RMD for 2018, you can look to the 2019 tax year and beyond as Congress has made the ability to do a QCD permanent. If you have questions on whether the QCD from your IRA is a strategy that may benefit you, we recommend that you speak with your tax professional.

 

Short-Termism – Investors’ Returns

By Drew P. Wilson, CFA

This is the third in a series of posts about short-termism from FAM Value Fund Co-Manager Drew Wilson.

There are any number of reasons investors may find it difficult to achieve their financial goals. In some cases, unexpected and uncontrollable events can wreak havoc on a financial plan. But it is often an investor’s own actions that lead to the failure of meeting their objectives. There is a branch of science called Behavioral Finance dedicated to exploring how an individual’s propensities and predilections can short circuit rational investment decisions.

Unfortunately, in my opinion, there is a powerful gravitational pull that has fostered a short-term mindset with many investors. This force comes from academicians, practitioners, pundits, and the financial press who promote – wittingly or unwittingly – return-diminishing behaviors such as market-timing and performance-chasing.

How well does a short-term investment approach work? In my next post I’ll highlight a compelling research study that compares performance-chasing versus buy-and-hold behaviors. At FAM, we have a long-term approach; however, despite consistent results for buy-and-hold strategies, this research study exposes a challenge the investment industry faces. Stay tuned.

Please see Fenimore disclosure.

FAM Funds’ Annual Shareholder Informational Meeting Webcast

The event was held on October 9, 2018. 

  • Look at the past 10 years and discover how time in the market, not market timing, can make a big difference
  • See how our funds performed
  • Watch an insightful Q&A session with our Investment Research Team

 

Please see Fenimore disclosure.

Volatility Can Provide Opportunities

“If volatility continues, it can provide opportunities to invest in quality enterprises – that meet our criteria – at a discount. This is key as we seek to continually enhance the Fund’s holdings while preserving and growing your wealth over the long term.” — John D. Fox, CFA, CIO

Read FAM Funds’ Semi-Annual Letters:
Chairman’s Letter, FAM Value Fund, FAM Equity-Income Fund, FAM Small Cap Fund